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Logo von Happy Age. ☰ ˟. Home · Team · Pflegeangebot Wir betreuen pflegebedürftige Menschen in Erlangen. Wir setzen uns dafür ein, dass sie ihr Leben. Qualität des ambulanten Pflegedienstes Happy Age Ulrich-Schalk-Str. 9, Erlangen · Tel: / · Fax: / Adresse von Pflegedienst Happy Age - Ambulante Krankenpflege, Pflegedienst in Erlangen: Anfahrt in die Strasse `Schiestlstraße 3` in D Erlangen. HappyGlam ist ein neues, innovatives und aufregendes Berliner Kosmetikunternehmen im E-Commerce. Wir kreieren eine internationale Marke über Social. Happy Age. Straße: Ulrich-Schalk-Straße 9. Plz/Ort: Erlangen. Telefon: - Telefax: -
Happy Age. Straße: Ulrich-Schalk-Straße 9. Plz/Ort: Erlangen. Telefon: - Telefax: - llll Lesen Sie Bewertungen zu Happy Age in Erlangen und bewerten Sie selbst! Für eine neue Pflegekultur! llll➤ Lesen Sie Bewertungen zu Happy Age in Erlangen und bewerten Sie selbst! Für eine neue Pflegekultur! Czech 2. Submit Feedback. Despite multiple mentions in documents, it is Adac Rallye Masters longer X-Tip to establish a line of ancestry. From onwards, the city was also the headquarters of the company from which today's Siemens Healthineers Sector of Siemens AG emerged. Primary school often finishes even earlier between around This right was also claimed by their servants.
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Non-state or non-church kindergartens are usually more expensive. Children usually go to the kindergarten nearest to where they live.
Many municipalities provide information about their childcare facilities online e. In Germany, schooling is organised at state level; the following information applies to schools in Bavaria.
The school year begins in September after six weeks of summer holidays. Education is compulsory for all German and foreign children between the ages of six and fifteen living in Germany.
In the fourth grade, it is decided which secondary school the child will attend:. Attendance of public schools is free of charge in Germany.
Attendance of private or international schools is subject to tuition fees. The Franconian International School is a private school in Erlangen with English as the teaching language.
Classes take place in the mornings in Germany, usually from 8 a. Primary school often finishes even earlier between around Students usually have to do their afternoon homework for the next day outside of school.
At Gymnasium, there are afternoon classes on one or two days a week. At Realschule, all compulsory classes are in the morning, with optional subjects in the afternoon where attendance is voluntary.
Some Bavarian schools have started offering full-time classes in the past years. However, spaces are often in very high demand, so make sure you register your child early if you are interested.
Many primary schools have lunch-time supervision until 3 p. Parents must pay for lunch-time supervision and after-school care.
Costs vary lunch-time supervision starting at 45 euros, after-school care at euros per month. School children have about 13 weeks of holidays per school year.
Children usually attend the primary school closest to their home. There are special classes in primary schools for foreign children who have only a limited knowledge of German.
For children who do not have sufficient knowledge of German, there are transition classes Übergangsklassen starting from the fifth grade.
The main focus of these classes is for the children to learn German, but they are also taught other content to prepare them for the transition to their desired school after several months.
If you are unsure about which school to enrol your child in, please contact the Welcome Centre. We will be happy to send you further information and help you with the application.
Many municipalities provide information about local schools online e. He also gave the usual town privileges: Collection of tolls, construction of a department store with bread and meat bank and the construction of a defensive wall.
Two years later, in , the prince-electors unelected. He sold his Frankish possessions, including Erlangen, to his brother-in-law, the Nuremberg burgrave Johann III due to lack of funds in During the process of division of the burggrave property in Franconia, Erlangen was added to the Upper Principality, the future Principality of Bayreuth.
The Erlangen coining facility ceased its operation because the Münzmeister was executed for counterfeiting in Nuremberg.
During the Hussite Wars the town was completely destroyed for the first time in However, as the army of Albrecht could not completely enclose the city, Nuremberg troops broke out again and devastated the Margravial towns and villages.
As reported by a Nuremberg chronicler, they "burnt the market at most in Erlangen and brought a huge robbery".
Erlangen was raided and plundered again, this time by Bavarian troops. In the following years the town recovered again.
Erlangen was spared from the Peasants' War in and the introduction of the Reformation in was peaceful. It was even considered to completely abandon the town.
Because Emperor Charles V imposed the imperial ban on Albrecht, the Nurembergers incorporated Erlangen into their own territory. Albrecht died in January His successor, George Frederick , requested that the imperial sequestation over the Principality of Kulmbach be reversed and was able to take back the government one month later.
Under his rule, the town recovered from the war damage and remained unharmed until well into the Thirty Years' War. From , members of the noble family "von Erlangen" appear as witnesses in notarizations.
They were probably ministers of the von Gründlach family. The family had numerous possessions in and around Erlangen as antecedents of the von Gründlach imperial fiefdom.
Despite multiple mentions in documents, it is no longer possible to establish a line of ancestry. At the beginning of the 15th century the family died out.
In a foundation deed of a property is mentioned on which "heinrich the old sits". Twenty years later, in the Episcopal Urbar of see above , seven landowners who were obliged to pay interest were named.
For the first time, the entire city is recorded in the register of the Common Penny of 92 households with adults over 15 years.
If one assumes 1. The Urbar of lists 83 taxable house owners  and the Türkensteuerliste of 97 heads of households, plus five children under guardianship.
The old town of Erlangen has been completely destroyed several times, most recently in the great fire of Only parts of the city wall date back to the late Middle Ages.
After the fire of , the cityscape with its street layout had to be rigorously adapted to the regular street scheme of the newly built "Christian-Erlang", which had its own administration judicial and chamber college  until the administrative reform of The low cellars, however, survived all destruction and fires mostly unscathed.
Above them, the buildings were newly erected. For this reason, two Erlangen architects have been surveying the cellars of the old town on behalf of the Heimat- und Geschichtsverein since Foundations of this wall, which run exactly in the described direction, were discovered during the excavations in the courtyard of the town museum.
Outside the upper gate the upper suburb began to develop. The Veste was located in the west of the city. After the Thirty Years' War , the town was rebuilt relatively quickly.
On 2 December the parish church was consecrated to the title of Holy Trinity. The situation changed in when French king Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes , which had granted Calvinist subjects - called Huguenots by their opponents - religious freedom since The revocation triggered a wave of refugees of about , Huguenots who settled mainly in the Dutch Republic , the British Isles, Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden and some German principalities.
A small number of religious refugees later went to Russia and the Dutch and British colonies. Margrave Christian Ernst also took advantage of this situation and offered the refugees the right to settle in his principality, which was still suffering from the consequences of the Thirty Years' War, in order to promote its economy in the sense of mercantilism through the settlement of modern trades.
He was thus one of the first Lutheran princes in Germany to accept Calvinists into his country and even to guarantee them the freedom to practise their religion.
The first six Huguenots reached Erlangen on 17 May , about followed in several waves. In addition, several hundred Waldensians came, however, as they were unable to settle down they moved on in Even before it was foreseeable how many refugees could be expected, the margrave decided to found the new town of Erlangen as a legally independent settlement south of the small town called Altstadt Erlangen.
The rational motive of promoting the economy of one's own country was associated with the hope of wealth as a city founder, which was typical of absolutism.
The new city was conveniently located on one of the most important trade and travel routes to and from Nuremberg. Water was to be drained from the nearby Regnitz for a canal necessary for certain trades, however this failed due to the sandy ground.
The plan of the city, which at first sight appeared simple, but was in fact extremely differentiated and highly sophisticated, was designed by the margravial master builder Johann Moritz Richter using the " golden ratio " and ideal criteria.
The rectangular layout is characterised by the main street, which is designed as an axis of symmetry and has two unequal squares, and the "Grande Rue", which surrounds the inner core and whose closed corners, designed as right angles, act like hinges, giving the entire layout strength and unity.
As the plan made clear, it was not the design of the individual buildings that was important, but the overall uniformity of the entire city.
Even today, the historical core is characterised by this uniform, relatively unadorned facades of the two-storey and three-storey houses in straight rows with the eaves side facing the street.
The construction of the town began on 14 July with the laying of the foundation stone of the Huguenot Church. In the first year about 50 of the planned houses were completed.
The influx of the Huguenots did not meet expectations, because their refugee mentality did not change into an immigrant mentality until The change of mentality happened in this year, as the peace treaties after the War of the Spanish Succession ruled out their return to France, but also because the Margrave was engaged as commander in the War of the Palatinate Succession against France from to Therefore, further expansion stagnated.
It was not until that he received new impetus from the construction of the margravial palace and the development of Erlangen into a royal seat and one of the six provincial capitals.
In Erlangen, this resulted in the special case of two neighbouring planned cities, which is probably unique in the history of European ideal cities.
The old city of Erlangen, which was actually older and still managed independently until , is younger in terms of architectural history than the new city of Erlangen.
The new town, named after its founder Christian-Erlang in , became not only the destination of the Huguenots, but also of Lutherans and German Reformed , who had been granted the same privileges as the Huguenots.
In , approximately Huguenots and Germans lived in Erlangen. Due to immigration, however, the Huguenots soon became a French-speaking minority in a German city.
The French influence diminished further in the following years. In , the last service in French was held in the Huguenot Church. As Napoleon won the Battle of Jena and Auerstedt, the two principalities were brought under French rule as a province.
In the principality of Bayreuth was sold to the allied kingdom of Bavaria for 15 million francs. In the period that followed, the city and its infrastructure were rapidly expanded.
Especially the opening of the Ludwig Canal and the railway connections as well as the garrison and the university gave important impulses for the urban development.
Already with the Bavarian community reform of , the city received its own administration, which was later called "free of district". In the district office Erlangen was formed, from which the administrative district Erlangen emerged.
A two-tier society was established, which was reinforced by industrial settlements. On the other hand, there were the parties of the centre and the right, whose supporters came from the middle class, the university and the civil service.
Five years later, the Erlangen university became the first German university with its student representation controlled by the party, making it a centre of nationalist and anti-democratic sentiment.
Many students and professors became intellectual pioneers of National Socialism. From onwards, the political situation escalated, fuelled by mass unemployment caused by the Great Depression.
Both left and right unions organised marches and caused street fights. After the seizure of power by the NSDAP, boycotts of Jewish shops, the desecration and destruction of the monument dedicated to the Jewish professor and Erlangen honorary citizen Jakob Herz on Hugenottenplatz and the burning of books also took place in Erlangen.
During the Reichspogromnacht , the Jewish families from Erlangen between 42 and 48 persons , Baiersdorf three persons and Forth seven persons were rounded up and humiliated in the courtyard of the former town hall Palais Stutterheim , their flats and shops partly destroyed and plundered, then the women and children were taken to the Wöhrmühle an island in the Regnitz river in Erlangen , the men to the district court prison and then to Nuremberg to prison.
Those who could not leave Germany in the following wave of emigration were deported to concentration camps , where most were murdered.
In the city was declared " free of Jews ", although a "Half-Jew" stayed in town until the end of the war, protected by the police chief.
As the academic community supported NS politics to a large extent, there was no active resistance from the university.
In the sanatorium and nursing home today part of the Clinic am Europakanal , forced sterilisations and selections of patients for the National Socialist " euthanasia murders Aktion T4 " took place.
From , prisoners of war and forced labourers were deployed in the Erlangen armament factories. Their accommodation in barrack camps and treatment were inhuman.
In , Erlangen was one of the first cities in Bavaria to begin to reappraise its National Socialist history in an exhibition at the city's museum.
During the Second World War, 4. Lorleberg himself, who until the end was regarded as a supporter of the National Socialist regime, died at Thalermühle on the same day.
Whether he was shot by German soldiers when he tried to persuade a scattered task force to give up, or whether he committed suicide there after the surrender message was delivered, is not conclusively clarified.
Lorlebergplatz in Erlangen, named after him, reminds us of him. The note about Lorleberg, which is attached to the place, refers to his death, which had saved Erlangen from destruction.
After the handover of the city, American tanks severely damaged the last preserved city gate the Nuremberg Gate built in , which was blown up shortly afterwards.
This probably also happened at the instigation of shopkeepers living in the main street who, like the passing American troops, found the baroque gate an obstacle to traffic because of its relatively narrow passage.
The other city gates had already been demolished in the 19th century. During the district and area reform in , the district of Erlangen was united with the district of Höchstadt an der Aisch.
Erlangen itself remained an independent town and became the seat of the new administrative district.
Through the integration of surrounding communities, the city was considerably enlarged, so that in it exceeded the ,inhabitant limit and thus became a major city of Germany.
In Erlangen celebrated its thousandth anniversary. On 25 May , the city was awarded the title of Ort der Vielfalt German for "Place of Diversity" by the Federal Government in the context of an initiative launched in by the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth, the Federal Ministry of the Interior and the Federal Government Commissioner for Migration, Refugees and Integration to strengthen the commitment of municipalities to cultural diversity.
Erlangen was awarded the title "Federal Capital for Nature and Environmental Protection" in and for its highly successful policy of creating a balance between economy and ecology.
It was the first German prizewinner and the first regional authority to be included in the list of honour of the United Nations Environment Agency in Due to the above-average proportion of medical and medical-technical facilities and companies in relation to the number of inhabitants, Lord Mayor Siegfried Balleis developed the vision of developing Erlangen into the "Federal Capital of Medical Research, Production and Services" by when he took office in Until the 18th century, the margrave's soldiers were quartered with private individuals during missions in the Erlangen area.
After the city was incorporated into the Kingdom of Bavaria in , it made several attempts to set up a garrison , mainly for economic reasons, but without success at first.
When in the general compulsory military service was introduced with the option to do military service and study at the same time, the garrison became a vital location factor for the city and especially for the university.
A renewed application was successful, so that on 12 March the 6th Hunter Battalion moved into Erlangen. The Bavarian Army was housed in various municipal buildings and used, among other things, today's Theaterplatz square for its exercises.
In addition, a shooting range was set up in the Meilwald forest. In the entire 19th Infantry Regiment was stationed, which resulted in the construction of the Infantry Barracks and the drill ground.
In a "Barrack Casernement" was established in the north-west corner of the drill ground and used as a garrison hospital from On 1 October , the 10th Field Artillery Regiment moved into the town, for which the artillery barracks were erected.
Over 3, soldiers lost their lives. After the war Erlangen retained its status as a garrison town. Since the Treaty of Versailles stipulated a reduction of the army to , soldiers, only the training battalion of the 21st Bavarian Infantry Regiment of the newly founded Reichswehr remained in the city.
During the time of National Socialism , the reintroduction of compulsory military service in and the German re-armament also led to a massive expansion of the military installations in Erlangen.
The Rhineland barracks, in which various infantry units were stationed one after the other, the tank barracks, in which the Panzer Regiment 25 was stationed from October , a catering office, an ammunition and equipment depot and a training area were built in the Reichswald forest near Tennenlohe.
Geoffrey Ferris, who died in Tunisia in was extended to hectares, the living area for the soldiers and their relatives to 8.
On average, soldiers and relatives were stationed in Erlangen in the s. The population of Erlangen met the presence of the Americans with mixed feelings.
Although their protective function during the Cold War and the jobs associated with stationing were welcomed, the frequent conflicts between the soldiers and the civilian population and numerous manoeuvres were a constant source of offence.
The first open protests took place during the Vietnam War. These were directed against the training area and the shooting range in Tennenlohe, where even nuclear weapons were suspected, as well as against the ammunition bunkers in the Reichswald.
Helmut Horneber, who had been responsible for the American training area for many years as forest director, pointed out in how exemplarily the American troops had protected the forest areas.
Due to the numerous problems, there were already considerations in the mids to relocate the garrison from the urban area.
After the opening of the Inner German border in , there were growing signs of an imminent withdrawal. After the end of the Gulf War, the dissolution of the site began and was completed in July On 28 June , the properties were officially handed over to the German federal government.
This marked the end of Erlangen's year history as a garrison town. The second decisive event for the development of Erlangen was the foundation of the university, in addition to the foundation of the Neustadt.
Plans already existed during the Reformation, but it was not until that Margrave Frederick of Brandenburg-Bayreuth donated a university for the residence city of Bayreuth , which was moved to Erlangen in The institution, which was equipped with modest means, wasn't met with much approval at first.
Only when Margrave Charles Alexander of Brandenburg-Ansbach put it on a broader economic footing did the number of students slowly increase.
Nevertheless, it remained below and dropped to about 80 when the margraviate was incorporated into the kingdom of Bavaria.
The threatened closure was only averted because Erlangen had the only Lutheran theological faculty in the kingdom. Like the other German universities, the boom came at the beginning of the s.
It was not until that the Faculty of Medicine overtook it. The number of full professors rose from 20 in to 42 in , almost half of whom were employed by the Faculty of Philosophy, which also included the natural sciences.
These did not form their own faculty until In the first women were allowed to study, the first doctorate was awarded to a woman in Above all, the incorporation during the municipal reform in contributed significantly to the fact that Erlangen exceeded the ,inhabitant limit in and thus officially became a city.
In the Middle Ages and the beginning of modern times , only a few hundred people lived in Erlangen. Due to numerous wars, epidemics and famines, the increase in population was very slow.
In , as a result of the destruction in the Thirty Years' War , the town was completely deserted. In , the population reached again, therefore reaching pre war levels.
On 8 March Erlangen was declared the sixth state capital. Due to the famines —, the population declined to in After an increase to approximately 10, people in , the population of Erlangen fell once again as a result of the Napoleonic wars and reached in During the 19th century, this number doubled to 17, in Due to numerous incorporations, the population of the city rose to 30, by and again in the following decades, reaching 60, in Because of district and areal reforms in , the population of the city exceeded the limit of , in , making Erlangen a major city.
Increased demand for urban homes has led the population to grow further in the s, with predictions claiming the city would reach over , residents in the s within the current urban area.
In , The population of Erlangen initially belonged to the Diocese of Würzburg , from to the Archdiocese of Bamberg. In the new town founded in by Margrave Christian Ernst for the French religious refugees, there were only Protestant congregations.
The French Reformed community existed from and after the settlement of Protestant refugees from German-speaking Switzerland and the Palatinate, a German Protestant community was founded in In the Protestant communities of Erlangen were placed under the control of the Royal Prussian Consistory in Ansbach and after the transfer of the city to Bavaria they became part of the Protestant Church of the Kingdom of Bavaria , which initially comprised Lutheran and Reformed communities.
At the same time Erlangen became the seat of a deanery which united all congregations. In the Reformed congregations of Bavaria received their own synod and in they formally separated from the Evangelical Church of Bavaria.
The latter had for many years the seat of its Moderamen in Erlangen. Through the unification of the German Reformed and the former French Reformed congregations, there was only one Reformed congregation in Erlangen since , but several Lutheran congregations.
The Lutheran congregations still belong today to the deanery of Erlangen, which had been founded as deanery for both confessions and since only serves the Lutheran congregations.
It is part of the Nuremberg church district. In the Lutheran Church, the regional church communities with their own worship services and offers exist as special forms of congregation.
The ELIA congregation has existed since For a long time, local researchers believed that the oldest church in Erlangen had been built on the Martinsbühl, centuries before the town was first mentioned in a document in This assumption cannot be proven by any sources.
In contrast, the first documented church in today's urban area is the church of the royal court of Büchenbach, which was built as early as In Erlangen itself, a property deal from the year gives the first indication of church life, because it was recorded "in cimiterio", i.
At that time cemeteries were always built around churches, and, as can be concluded from later sources, this church stood where today the Altstädter Kirche stands at Martin-Luther-Platz.
Bone finds during civil engineering work - most recently in during the redesign of Martin Luther Square - confirm this layout of the medieval churchyard.
In the period that followed, numerous foundations for this church were testified to the "salvation and nucz" of souls.
Her patrocinium, "frawenkirchen" Church of Our Lady, thus consecrated to St. Mary , can be concluded from a donation of In the church, which had been the daughter church of St.
Martin in Forchheim up until this point, was elevated to its own parish. The main task of the Erlangen priest was the pastoral care in the city of Erlangen and the St.
Martin's Chapel on the Martinsbühl, which was now named for the first time. Furthermore, the document of elevation determines the pastoral care of the surrounding villages of Bubenreuth , Bräuningshof , Marloffstein , Spardorf and Sieglitzhof , whose inhabitants visited the chapel of the Virgin Mary, were pastorally cared for from this chapel and were provided with the sacraments.
This addition confirms that there was at least one vicar at the Frauenkirche Church of Our Lady before it was elevated to a parish church.
The ecclesiastical life was accordingly pronounced and varied at the time. In addition to the parish priest, there were two vicars for the early and middle mass.
Whether the financially very badly equipped Mass Beneficiaries were always occupied is not known. With the introduction of the Reformation by Margrave George the Pious in in Erlangen, the Catholic life of the church was extinguished completely for many years.
Only few things from this time remain today: five figures of saints from the former Marienkirche, which today are placed on the northern altar wall in the Altstädter Trinity Church, a measuring cup and the equestrian statue of Saint Martin, which is exhibited annually on St.
Martin's Day in the Martinsbühler church. According to the agreements of the Peace of Westphalia , Erlangen remained Protestant territory after the end of the Thirty Years' War.
Only with the foundation of "Christian Erlang", i. In , the Margrave only granted them the minimum confessional rights guaranteed by the Peace of Westphalia: the Freedom of thought.
Baptisms, marriages and funerals were to be carried out according to Protestant rites, and children were to be educated in the Protestant religion.
As the number increased, Catholics pushed for more religious rights from about onwards. The construction of a prayer house, which Margrave Friedrich had promised several times, always failed due to the fierce resistance of the magistrate and the Protestant or French Reformed clergy.
The accession of Frederick the Great to the throne marked the beginning of the age of enlightened absolutism. Under the influence of Frederick's tolerance policy, the position of margravial rule gradually changed.
When in the administration of the Franconian Knights' Circle was transferred to Erlangen, Margrave Alexander granted the Catholic nobles permission for private services.
This right was also claimed by their servants. On 16 January Alexander decided to establish a Catholic private service in Erlangen.
In the large hall of the Old Town Hall a mass was celebrated again on 11 April , the first after more than years.
In the same year, permission was granted to build a prayer house. The permission to build a church was subject to heavy conditions: Only a simple prayer house without a tower, bells and organ was permitted.
The church services were only allowed to be held with the doors closed, baptisms, weddings and funerals were still reserved for the Protestant clergy.
The prayer house was erected far outside the city - at today's Katholischer Kirchplatz Catholic Church Square - and ceremoniously opened on St.
Peter and Paul's Day in The Catholic community, which soon grew with the arrival of French emigrants who had fled from the turmoil of the revolution, found itself in an economic emergency due to constantly changing political conditions.
The archdiocese of Bamberg belonged to the electorate of Bavaria since Erlangen was Prussian until , then French for four years. As subjects employed abroad, the Erlangen clergymen of Bamberg received no salary.
This problem was not solved until Erlangen was integrated into Bavaria. The previous Erlangen Curate was elevated to parish status in , during which time the relationship between the confessions had relaxed completely.
When the Catholic priest Rebhahn was buried in , the entire Protestant and Reformed clergy followed the procession. In the second half of the 19th century - also due to the new garrison - the number of Catholics soon grew to 6, A further new building was therefore necessary, which was erected perpendicular to the old base of the building.
This gave the church its present appearance in Since then, the interior of the Herz Jesu Church has been drastically altered several times, most recently in Only the baptismal font and a wooden statue of the Good Shepherd remind us of the former prayer house.
With the reconstruction of the extension possibilities of the old prayer house were exhausted. The number of Catholics in Erlangen grew through immigration and incorporation, especially after the Second World War, so that today there is only a slight predominance in favour of Protestants.
Beginning in , the number of parishes in Erlangen rose from one to twelve within 70 years. Since Erlangen has been the seat of a dean's office, which was reorganized in the course of the state territorial reform on November 1, In addition to the Erlangen parishes, it also includes neighbouring congregations from the districts of Erlangen-Höchstadt and Forchheim.
In Jews were first mentioned in a document in Erlangen, as was a rabbi in This probably also ended the existence of the Erlangen Jewish community.
In Margrave Christian Ernst assured the Huguenot inhabitants of the Neustadt that they would not be allowed to settle or trade in the city.
Jewish life was therefore restricted to Erlangen's neighbouring communities of Bruck, Baiersdorf and Büchenbach. In the Bavarian parliament introduced general freedom of movement for Jews in Bavaria.
This made it possible for Jews to settle in Erlangen. Many Jewish families from the surrounding communities moved to Erlangen because of better prospects, at the same time the communities in Bruck, Baiersdorf and Büchenbach shrank, with Büchenbach's community being dissolved as early as In , the new Erlangen congregation already had 67 members, who became an independent religious congregation on 15 March The community in Bruck was merged into it.
In the community inaugurated its own cemetery. On the other hand, the Rabbinate of Baiersdorf was dissolved in , and after no Jews lived in Bruck.
The Erlangen community, on the other hand, included prominent personalities such as the physician and honorary citizen Jakob Herz and the mathematician Emmy Noether.
A monument to the former was erected on 5 May and destroyed on 15 September Since , a stele has commemorated this process with an inscription: Wir denken an Jakob Herz, dem Bürger dieser Stadt ein Denkmal setzten und zerstörten.
We think of Jakob Herz, the citizen of this town, for who the citizens of this town erected a monument and destroyed it.
During the National Socialist dictatorship, the number of Erlangen Jews initially fell from to 44 by During the Kristallnacht , the Erlangen prayer hall was destroyed and the synagogue in Baiersdorf demolished.
On 20 October , the last Jewish inhabitant of Erlangen was deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp.
Of the original Jewish inhabitants, Rosa Loewi and her daughter Marga returned to Erlangen on August 16, , before both emigrated to the United States one year later.
In , Lotte Ansbacher died 19 December was the last survivor of the Holocaust in Erlangen to return permanently to her hometown, presumably to take up the legacy of her aunt Helene Aufseeser.
In this function, Ilse Sponsel worked tirelessly to establish and maintain contacts with the surviving Erlangen Jews and their families and to investigate the history and fate of the Jews who perished in the Holocaust in Erlangen, Baiersdorf and the surrounding area.
Until the s, the number of Jews grew to such an extent that the publisher Shlomo Lewin planned to establish a new community. On 19 December he was murdered with his partner, presumably by a member of the far-right sports group Wehrsportgruppe Hoffmann.
However, there was no conviction, as the alleged perpetrator committed suicide. This idea only gained new momentum with the influx of Jewish emigrants from the former Soviet Union.
On 1 December , an Israelite religious community was founded in Erlangen with members in After a synagogue inaugurated on 9 March had to be abandoned due to problems with the landlord of the house, a building could be rented in Rathsberger Str.
Since December , these three have together formed the Islamische Religionsgemeinschaft Erlangen e. Islamic Religious Community Erlangen , which takes care of Islamic religious education at state schools.
The subject "Islamic religious instruction in German language" was introduced for the first time in Bavaria at the Erlangen Pestalozzi primary school in at a state school.
Proper "Islamic instruction" as a subject of instruction was introduced for the first time in all of Germany at the primary school Brucker Lache. In addition to the three associations mentioned above, the Turkish Association for Social Services has also existed since The Seventh-day Adventists have been represented in Erlangen since at least In they moved into the new community centre in Bruck.
The Adventists take an active part in the events in Erlangen. Their social commitment can be seen among other things in the scout work "Erlanger Markgrafen" or in public blood donation campaigns, which are carried out in the community rooms.
Both communities carry out the annual campaign "Kinder helfen Kindern" Children help children , in which Christmas packages are sent to children in need throughout Eastern Europe.
Jehovah's Witnesses registered their first meeting in Erlangen on March 22, , but the police did not approve it.
After the ban in April there was increased repression, which led to the murder of member Gustav Heyer in the Hartheim Euthanasia Centre on January 20, Since at least the 14th century there has been a city council in Erlangen's old town.
The city was headed by two mayors who changed every four weeks. From there were even four mayors.
The Neustadt, however, was initially administered by the Reformed presbytery. In there were four mayors who held office for one year each, three of them French and one German.
From there were four mayors and eight councillors who served for two years. Then the administration was reorganized several times. After the unification of the old town and the new town in , the Bavarian municipal edict was introduced.
From , the town was led by a first mayor, who was usually awarded the title of Oberbürgermeister from Since , the First Mayor has always held the title of Lord Mayor in accordance with the Bavarian municipal regulations.
From there was also a city magistrate with ten, from twelve magistrate councillors and as a second chamber the municipal representatives with 30, from 36 members.
After the Second World War there was only one city council. The number of members of the local advisory board depends on the number of inhabitants of the respective areas and varies between five and seven.
The local advisory councils are appointed by the political parties according to the last local election result and elect a chairman from among their members.
The local advisory councils are consulted on important matters concerning their districts. There is also a youth parliament in Erlangen which is elected every two years by the year olds.
Seniors are represented by a seniors' advisory board the first in Bavaria , people with a migration background by the foreigners' and integration advisory board.
In addition, there are a number of other advisory councils that advise the city council on specific topics.
In addition to the political parties and municipal committees, various organisations in Erlangen are active in local politics. These include initiatives that are founded on the basis of specific topics see in particular referendums and then dissolve again.
The "Altstadtforum" is a non-party alliance of 19 organisations including all parties represented in the city council, citizens' initiatives and associations.
It advocates an attractive, liveable and sustainable old town in Erlangen. Florian Janik has been in office since The city council elects at least one second mayor as deputy mayor and can also elect a third mayor.
The city council consists of the mayor and 50 other members. It was last elected in The population in Erlangen is comparatively politically active and makes particular use of the opportunity for direct democracy, as shown by the high number of referendums in recent years, which have all achieved the necessary turnout to be legally binding: .
Together with the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt, Erlangen forms the constituency of Erlangen for national elections.
Both delegates do not live in the Erlangen city area. For the Landtagswahlen state elections , the constituency of Erlangen-Stadt comprises the city of Erlangen as well as Möhrendorf and Heroldsberg from the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt.
In addition, Christian Zwanziger Greens , who was elected via the Middle Franconian district list, is also represented in the state parliament.
The electoral district for the Bezirkstag of Middle Franconia is identical to the Landtag's electoral district.